What exactly happened on the 1st Nissan in the Torah?

The Tabernacle in the Wilderness was erected on the 1st of Nissan.

Also, Haman cast lots (singular, pur; plural, purim) to exterminate the Jews on the 1st of Nissan.

When a month is mentioned without a date, it normally refers to the first of the month. This is particularly so when referring to the years of a king.

Esther 3:7  In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar.

The Biblical feast of Purim falls on the 14th of Adar.

23rd Adar is the anniversary of the consecration of Aaron and his sons as priests, a consecration that lasted 7 days.

1st Nissan is the anniversary of the consecration of the Tabernacle in the Wilderness

To understand this Season, we will read some Scriptures from the Torah and from the New Testament
 
First let’s look at what happened on 23rd Adar while Israel was in the desert. First we’ll read the scriptures, noting the time-clues in them, then calculate backward to the date 23rd Adar.

Leviticus 8
1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
2 Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments, and the anointing oil, and a bullock for the sin offering, and two rams, and a basket of unleavened bread;
3 And gather thou all the congregation together unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
4 And Moses did as the LORD commanded him; and the assembly was gathered together unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
5 And Moses said unto the congregation, This is the thing which the LORD commanded to be done.

6 And Moses brought Aaron and his sons, and washed them with water.
7 And he put upon him the coat, and girded him with the girdle, and clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod upon him, and he girded him with the curious girdle of the ephod, and bound it unto him therewith.
8 And he put the breastplate upon him: also he put in the breastplate the Urim and the Thummim.
9 And he put the mitre upon his head; also upon the mitre, even upon his forefront, did he put the golden plate, the holy crown; as the LORD commanded Moses.

10 And Moses took the anointing oil, and anointed the tabernacle and all that was therein, and sanctified them.
11 And he sprinkled thereof upon the altar seven times, and anointed the altar and all his vessels, both the laver and his foot, to sanctify them.
12 And he poured of the anointing oil upon Aaron’s head, and anointed him, to sanctify him.
13 And Moses brought Aaron’s sons, and put coats upon them, and girded them with girdles, and put bonnets upon them; as the LORD commanded Moses. …

33 And ye shall not go out of the door of the tabernacle of the congregation in seven days, until the days of your consecration be at an end: for seven days shall he consecrate you.
34 As he hath done this day, so the LORD hath commanded to do, to make an atonement for you.
35 Therefore shall ye abide at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation day and night seven days, and keep the charge of the LORD, that ye die not: for so I am commanded.

Here is a Jewish translation of the three verses above.

Leviticus 8:33  You shall not leave the entrance of the Tent of the Meeting for seven days, until the day when your days of inauguration are completed; for you shall be inaugurated for a seven-day period.
34  As he did on this day, so HASHEM had commanded to be done to provide atonement for you.
35  At the entrance of the Tent of Meeting shall you dwell day and night for a seven-day period, and you shall protect HASHEM’s charge so that you will not die; for so have I been commanded.

We now return to the KJV

Leviticus 8:36
36 So Aaron and his sons did all things which the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses.

Leviticus 9 happened on the 1st Nissan as we shall see in the time-clues
1 And it came to pass on the eighth day, that Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel;
2 And he said unto Aaron, Take thee a young calf for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering, without blemish, and offer them before the LORD.
3 And unto the children of Israel thou shalt speak, saying, Take ye a kid of the goats for a sin offering; and a calf and a lamb, both of the first year, without blemish, for a burnt offering;
4 Also a bullock and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD; and a meat offering mingled with oil: for to day the LORD will appear unto you.

5 And they brought that which Moses commanded before the tabernacle of the congregation: and all the congregation drew near and stood before the LORD.
6 And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commanded that ye should do: and the glory of the LORD shall appear unto you.
7 And Moses said unto Aaron, Go unto the altar, and offer thy sin offering, and thy burnt offering, and make an atonement for thyself, and for the people: and offer the offering of the people, and make an atonement for them; as the LORD commanded.

8 Aaron therefore went unto the altar, and slew the calf of the sin offering, which was for himself.
9 And the sons of Aaron brought the blood unto him: and he dipped his finger in the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar, and poured out the blood at the bottom of the altar: …

22 And Aaron lifted up his hand toward the people, and blessed them, and came down from offering of the sin offering, and the burnt offering, and peace offerings.
23 And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of the congregation, and came out, and blessed the people: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto all the people.
24 And there came a fire out from before the LORD, and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat: which when all the people saw, they shouted, and fell on their faces.

How do we know that Leviticus 8 happened on 23 Adar  and Leviticus 9 on 1 Nissan?

Leviticus 8 was about the consecration of Aaron and his sons – a ceremony that lasted 7 days. Therefore, if the next event (Leviticus 9) took place on 1st Nissan, then the Leviticus 8 consecration started on 23rd Adar.

So the remaining question is:  how do we know Leviticus 9 occurred on 1 Nissan?
Let’s look at Exodus 40.

Exodus 40:1  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
2  On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation. …
16  Thus did Moses: according to all that the LORD commanded him, so did he.
17  And it came to pass in the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was reared up.

33  And he reared up the court round about the tabernacle and the altar, and set up the hanging of the court gate. So Moses finished the work.
34  Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.
35  And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.

So we see that the Tabernacle was inaugurated on 1st Nissan (the first day of the first month).
Remember that, although Tishri was the first month for civil purposes, God ordered Moses to declare Nissan (also known as Aviv, Spring) as the first month for the Feasts of the Lord. So in this context, the first day of the first month had to be 1st Nissan.

Since that day, God always lived in the Ark of the Covenant – until the time of Ezekiel when, due to persistent rebelliousness of the people of Israel,  the glory left the Ark forever, as seen in the following verses.

Ezekiel 10:18  Then the glory of the LORD departed from off the threshold of the house, and stood over the cherubims.
19  And the cherubims lifted up their wings, and mounted up from the earth in my sight: when they went out, the wheels also were beside them, and every one stood at the door of the east gate of the LORD’S house; and the glory of the God of Israel was over them above.

 
11:22  Then did the cherubims lift up their wings, and the wheels beside them; and the glory of the God of Israel was over them above.
23  And the glory of the LORD went up from the midst of the city, and stood upon the mountain which is on the east side of the city.

 

So How should we mark this anniversary 1st Nissan?

First, let’s do what Aaron and his sons did from 23rd Adar. Let’s consecrate ourselves to the God of Israel, who is our God too!
Remember we are grafted on to the Jewish Olive Tree.

Romans 11:17  And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert grafted in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;
24  For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?

Second, let’s ask God to receive our consecration and make us His habitation as we strive to live in faithfulness to Him!

 

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