Names of Baal

The false god Baal is mentioned in the Bible with a variety of names.

Chief among the names appears to be Baalzebub or Beelzebub (in the New Testament). He is the prince of demons.

2 Kings 1:2  And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick: and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron whether I shall recover of this disease.
3  But the angel of the LORD said to Elijah the Tishbite, Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say unto them, Is it not because there is not a God in Israel, that ye go to enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron?
6  And they said unto him, There came a man up to meet us, and said unto us, Go, turn again unto the king that sent you, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Is it not because there is not a God in Israel, that thou sendest to enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron? therefore thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die.
16  And he said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Forasmuch as thou hast sent messengers to enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron, is it not because there is no God in Israel to enquire of his word? therefore thou shalt not come down off that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die.

Matthew 12:24  But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.

These are the Hebrew names of Baal as defined by Prophet’s Dictionary:


First, it should be mentioned that apart from being the name of an ancient Babylonian deity, the word “baal” in Hebrew means husband, lord, master.
Baal has a number of combination names (just as there are combination names relating to Jehovah, for instance Jehovah Shalom, Jehovah Jireh, etc.)
Here are the combination names of Baal:
  • Baal-Berith = ”lord of the covenant” 1170 a god of the Philistines
  • Baal-Gad = “lord of fortune“ 1171 a city noted for Baal-worship, located at the most northern or northwestern point to which Joshua’s victories extended
  • Baal-Hamon = “lord (possessor) of abundance“ 1174 Baal-mammon, site of Solomon’s vineyard
  • Baal-Hermon or Baal-Chermon = “lord of destruction“ 1179 a city near or on Mount Hermon, named as a seat of Baal worship
  • Baal-Hazor = “lord of the village“ 1178 a town on the border between Ephraim and Benjamin
  • Baal-Meon = “lord of the habitation” 1186 a town in Reuben, mentioned in connection with Nebo, and in the time of Ezekiel, Moabite 
  • Baal-Peor = “lord of the gap” 1187 the deity worshipped at Peor with probable licentious rites
  • Baal-Shalisha = “thrice-great lord“ 1190 a place in Ephraim near Gilgal
  • Baal-Tamar = “lord of the palms“ 1193 a place near Gibeah in Benjamin
  • Baal-Zebub = “lord of the flies” 1176 a Philistine god
  • Baal-Chatsor = “possessor of a court” 1178 a city between Ephraim and Benjamin
  • Baale-Bamoth = “lord of the high places” 1181 heights
  • Baal-Peratsim = “possesor of the breaches” 1188 a place in Palestine
  • Baal-Yehuda = “Baal of Judah” 1184 the center of Baal worship in Judah
Baal definition in Hebrew:
  • Baal – to marry, rule over, as husband, high, married, master, ruled 1166
  • Baal – owner, lord, bridegroom, relative by marriage 1167
  • Baal was the storm god. Elijah shut up the rain to prove that GOD is in charge of the rain not Baal. 1 Kings 8:35, 1 King 17:1.
  • Baal was known as a fertility god. Abraham and Sarah. Gen 11:31-32

Other than the Hebrew names of Baal, there are a number of names in other languages and cultures:

The Baal Principality has been called god of a thousand faces. Some of his other names are:
Apollo, Zeus, Marduk, Ahura-Mazda, Osiris, Tammuz, Dagon, Prometheus, Jupiter, Nimrod, Mithra, Ra, Lucetius, Dyaus, Dionysus, Hermes, Adonis, Pan, Hades, Eros, Uranus, Gaea, Assur, Merodach, Ninus, Shamas, Zeus-Belus, Bacchus, Shiva, etc.
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