The Bible


The section you’re now at, THE BIBLE, of fundamental importance.

While the site is called Bibloscope, and provides a number of “scopes” or views within the Bible, this section of the site deals with the Bible as a whole, how its books were written, how they were collected and validated, Biblical inspiration, inerrancy and preservation, which manuscripts, texts and translation versions are the very Word of God – and which are not. It also deals with challenges and attacks on the veracity of the Bible.

Before we proceed further, I’d like to share this poem, the author of which is not known.

     The Anvil of God’s Word.

     Last eve I passed beside a blacksmith’s door
     And heard the anvil ring the vesper chime:
     Then looking in, I saw upon the floor
     Old hammers, worn with beating years of time.

          “How many anvils have you had,” said I,
          “To wear and batter all these hammers so?”
          “Just one,” said he, and then, with twinkling eye,
          “The anvil wears the hammers out, you know.”

     And so, thought I, the anvil of God’s word,
     For ages skeptic blows have beat upon;
     Yet though the noise of falling blows was heard,
     The anvil is unharmed . . . the hammer’s gone.
          Author unknown

The following are based (as a take off point) on CSBBC – Manuscript Evidence from
For one thing, I have used the Dr. Thomas Holland’s much appreciated articles as a starting point,
adapting it to the focus I want on this site, and integrating it with other materials from the web, from books and personal study.
For another, I’ve noticed many links related to this subject are broken in part. Before they are fully and irretrievably broken,
I have distilled the best from them and integrated into these pages. These links can be found in the Linkography page.
If you find them gone at any time in the future, know that the best from them can be found in these pages.

What’s the best starting point?

Basics of Bible Preservation

A Little Leaven leaveneth the lump

Early Heresies and the Western and Alexandrian lines of texts

The Traditional Text line

Makor, the Source

German, Spanish, and Early English

Hebrew Masoretic, Greek Septuagint

Dead Sea Scrolls

Textual Considerations

Determining the Authenticity of Bible Texts

Translational Considerations

Weighing the Arguments

Struck in the Larynx

Plenary Inspiration (the Bible is inspired in every part of it). From the doctrine of Plenary Inspiration, one deduces the doctrines of Inerrancy (the Bible contains no error in what it positively teaches) and Infallibility (the Bible cannot contain such error).

It also follows that the Bible is the ultimate authority for the conduct of all of human life, including relationships in the family, in the church, and in society.



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